Chattanooga, United States

City and battlefield in SE Tennessee, on the Tennessee River, 100 mi NNW of Atlanta, Georgia. Settled in 1794 after the defeat of Indian inhabitants, it became a major commercial center and was a Confederate communications point during the Civil War.Following the decisive battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga in September and November 1863, in which Missionary Ridge played a significant role, the city was occupied by Union forces under General William Sherman, who used it as a base for his Atlanta campaign.