Hoboken, United States


Industrial city in NE New Jersey, on the Hudson River, opposite New York City. The Dutch purchased it from the Indians in 1630, and Peter Stuyvesant acquired it in 1658. John Stevens, whose home was on Castle Point, laid out the town here in1804. In 1825, from his estate, he operated the first locomotive to pull a train in the United States. John Jacob Astor lived here and attracted a literary crowd that included Washington Irving. Incorporated in1855, Hoboken was a major port of embarkation for the American Expeditionary Force in World War I.