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Montenegro


Country, former substate of Serbia and Montenegro and former kingdom in SE Europe that originated after the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, when the Serbs were forced to retreat into the Black Mountain area. It borders Croatia to the W, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the NW, Serbia to the NE, and Albania to the SE. Sporadic warfare with the Turks lasted, however, until the 19th century. Ruled by prince-bishops after 1515, Montenegro never accepted Turkish authority. Danilo I (1696–1735) made the episcopal succession hereditary in the Niegosh family and began alliances with Russia. Under Peter I (1782–1830) Montenegro fought beside Russia in its wars against Turkey and in 1799 gained recognition from Sultan Selim III as an independent kingdom. Peter also began reforms that were continued by Peter II (1830–51). Under Nicholas I (1910–18) Montenegro gained both formal recognition as an independent state by the Congress of Berlin in 1878, and territory that included a small outlet on the Adriatic Sea. Proclaiming himself king in 1910, Nicholas was involved in the Balkan Wars and declared war on Austria-Hungary in 1914 in displeasure over its annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The country was overrun by Austro-German forces in 1915 as World War I progressed. A national assembly in 1918 deposed Nicholas and joined with Serbia, thus creating a kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. In 1946 Montenegro became one of the six republics of Yugoslavia, with its capital at Titograd (now Podgorica). In 1992 Montenegro federated with Serbia as Serbia and Montenegro. After a referendum in 2006, Montenegro declared independence and became the 192nd member state of the United Nations.


     

Montenegro in photos


Explore every corner in Montenegro

9 truly amazing places you must visit in Montenegro



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Travel news

station madrid change their roles

One of the main attractions of Madrid and the most recognizable place in town is the station. It's called Principe Pio. As planned by the local authorities, he must become a true entertainment center... read more

excursion to the factory of santa claus in pisa

From 13 to 29 December in Pisa opens factory Babb Natal. This mysterious name translates from Italian as Santa Claus. It will be located in one of the cultural centers called "Stazione Leopolda". He,... read more

the shroud of turin once again demonstrate to the public

Unique artifact, the shroud of Turin after a gap of almost five years has once again become available to the public. At the main Catholic Church of Turin's Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, the Holy... read more

sweet london

On two days London to turn into sweet the capital, and all thanks to the fact that from December 13 to 15 will be held the Festival of chocolate. Traditionally, the main venue of this event will be o... read more

parasols and sun loungers will become free in bulgaria

The Union of hotel owners in Sunny beach insisted on the abolition of fees from tourists on the beaches and promises to make sun loungers and parasols are free on all the beaches of the country. ... read more