Tourism in Sri Lanka News Reviews

Sri Lanka


Independent island state in the Indian Ocean, just S of the S tip of India, with its capital at Colombo. Inhabited originally by aboriginal Veddas, it was conquered in the sixth century b.c. by the Sinhalese, whose capital at Anuradhapura became one of the chief world centers of Buddhism after the third century b.c. The island suffered many Hindu Tamil invasions from India, and the Tamils still form a large element in the population. It was visited in the 12th and 13th centuries a.d. by Arabs, attracted by the island’s spices.

The Travels of John Mand eville, written in the late Middle Ages, cited Taprobane as the source of immense wealth. In Europe the existence of a large island or group of island s south of India, called Taprobane, was known to the soldiers of Alexand er the Great. Under the Seleucids a mission actually reached southern India and recorded the island . It appears as a huge island in Ptolemy’s geography of the second century a.d.

Ceylon was therefore avidly sought by Renaissance Europeans and was settled in 1505 by the Por- tuguese, in 1658 by the Dutch, and in 1796 by the British. It became a British Crown colony in 1798 and was granted independence on February 4, 1948.

Armed rebellion against the government of Mrs. Band aranaike broke out in April 1971 but was quelled with foreign aid. Ceylon became the Republic of Sri Lanka on May 22, 1972. Economic decline and corruption have plagued the nation. In elections held in 1977 Junius Richard Jayawardene defeated Band aranaike to become president, naming Ranasinghe Premadasa prime minister. In the 1980s the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam began a full-scale guerrilla war against the Sri Lankan army in the north and east, while Sinhalese student radicals assassinated government officials whom they believed were too soft on the Tamils. In 1987, India sent 42,000 troops to NE Sri Lanka. The Indian troops fought for a year and were asked to withdraw by the newly elected president Ramasinghe Premadasa in 1988.

In 1990, the fighting with the Tigers resumed and in 1993, Premadasa was assassinated in a suicide bombing. In 1995, the government troops in a largescale offensive captured the Tamil stronghold of Jaffna. The government has continued to be in crisis with battles and negotiations with the Tigers as well as heavy damage and loss of life in 2004 by the Indian Ocean tsunami from Sumatra.


     

Sri Lanka in photos


Explore every corner in Sri Lanka

6 truly amazing places you must visit in Sri Lanka



places of interest you must visit

Travel news

sweet london

On two days London to turn into sweet the capital, and all thanks to the fact that from December 13 to 15 will be held the Festival of chocolate. Traditionally, the main venue of this event will be o... read more

the best beach party of argentina

Belen is one of the Argentine cities, 11 January ready to host the most popular entertainment event called "Beach night". Only for him in this city every year attracts hundreds and even thousands of ... read more

the festival of gardens in the loire valley

French Chateau Chaumont-sur-Loire is preparing to receive guests. In the Loire valley where it is located, will host the annual Festival of gardens. ... read more

multinational carnival in seychelles will be held in late april

The capital of the Seychelles Victoria prepares to welcome guests traditional carnival, which takes place from 25 to 27 April. Locals say that this is one of the major holidays celebrated in the isla... read more

festival of culture in santo domingo

In Santo Domingo for the second time in the last two years will host the festival under the name of Santo Domingo Colonial. Will host this event from 22 to 24 November. ... read more