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Tonga


Island kingdom in the S Pacific Ocean, 2,000 mi SE of Sydney, Australia. Its capital is Nukualofa. The only independent kingdom remaining in the South Pacific, it consists of more than 150 island s. By 1643 all the island s had been discovered by the Dutch, and they were visited in 1773 and 1777 by Captain James Cook. The 19th-century civil wars in Tonga were followed by the accession of King George Tupou I, who unified the island s and gave them a constitution.

Queen Salote Tupou III reigned from 1918 through 1965, and was succeeded by King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV. Tonga became a British protectorate in 1900 and was granted full independence on June 4, 1970. Since the late 1980s, Tongans have agitated for democratic reforms, but the king has generally opposed any change that would weaken the monarchy. In 1999 Tonga joined the United Nations. In 2001 there was a financial scand al where $37 million in government funds had disappeared as a result of investment in a Nevada asset management company. Attempts to amend the constitution to limit free speech and limit the press were voided by the courts. While the Tongans are proud of their long history of local rule, there has been some movement toward the democratic reform of the monarchy.


     

Tonga in photos


Explore every corner in Tonga

4 truly amazing places you must visit in Tonga



places of interest you must visit

Travel news

world village is the main event of october in dubai

Every year at the Dubai fair is held under the title of "world village". This year its opening took place on 5 October. This event is held for the eighteenth time. Here over the next six months anyon... read more

elephants rescue

In Thailand began the season of heavy rains. The greatest difficulty experienced tourists who were vacationing in the main resort town of the Kingdom - Phuket. Sixteen people who went for a walk thro... read more

luxury lagoon in dubai

Not so long ago in Dubai signed an agreement stating that soon there will be the world's largest artificial lagoon. The perpetrators of this complex order steel Crystal Lagoons Corp. Reportedly, a hu... read more

the elephant again trampled the driver in phuket

Phuket animals rebelled. Over the past week happened the second attack elephant on the pursuer. The latest incident occurred on the territory of the Safari Park Phuchada Safari during tourist trips. ... read more

new ski season in davos

This Friday, 15 November the Swiss Davos will open its doors for those who like to hit the slopes, that is for skiers and snowboarders. ... read more